The methodical sheet
Dear contestants, we welcome your decision to take part in the twelve year of our contest, and as in previous years, we are giving you some advice how to avoid mistakes at creating contest works and achieve the best results.
A good ex libris is based on a well-performed design that represents a creative connection of picture and text parts. How to proceed in the creation of the design? The picture part is based on the selected theme, and that is why you should look for the signs that are specific to it. The text part is unambiguous. You know who the ex libris is created for /write his/her name and surname/, and you also know that you have to write the word EXLIBRIS, EX LIBRIS or its variations FROM BOOKS, BOOK, LIBRARY in your own language on a contest work. The text parts should be connected to the picture part in an artful way so that they create an ex libris composition. You should look for such art elements that will depict it and freshen it up. Selection of a type of writing is very important, it should be legible, reasonably big and placed in the space. You should select the surface type of writing, and should not underestimate its role. Connection of the picture and text in an artistic way is typical for ex libris.
The text and picture parts form together a format /size/ of a book plate. The size of an ex libris is not allowed to exceed the size 13 x 9 cm. We recommend that you should create designs, and also original works, in a smaller size. It is more suitable for using in practice.
Place the design on a drawing paper A5 (21 x 15 cm). Draw diagonals by a pencil and determine the middle of the surface. Draw a rectangle round the middle with the size not larger than 13 x 9 cm / a maximum size of your future work/. Start your composition of the picture and text parts from the middle. After finishing your proposal, decide if it will be with a frame or you will keep the outlines created by the composition. The composition can have different shapes - square, rectangular, circle, oval, triangular or polygonal.
The contest design has to be worked out by Indian ink using a pen or a brush in such a form that will predetermine your decision what graphic techniques you want to use for your proposal. You can choose from lino-engraving, lino-cut, wood-cut, wood-engraving, paper-engraving , by dry needle or plastic-engraving. Mässer plate is also successful at creation of designs.
Creation of a design that cannot be technically realised in practice is a very common mistake. Remember that linear pen-and-ink drawing is suitable for a dry needle, combination of surfaces for lino-engraving, lino-cut, plastic-engraving and other similar techniques.
If you create your design by a white tempera or a white pastel on a dark piece of paper, you will see immediately which lines or places you will remove by a graver or knife. And do not only finish with the design, try to create a matrix according to it for printing the original ex libris. It should be the aim of your effort, mainly with students of art schools.
We have chosen the topic "THE OLYMPIC GAMES" for the 12th year of the international contest EX LIBRIS HLOHOVEC because it is announced in the year of the Olympiad. You have a great opportunity to express beauty of the human body, joy of victory, and also grief of loss. Sport includes power, tension, and mainly movement. Olympiads represent a long history and Olympic towns, sports fields, medals and Olympic symbols - the flame and the rings representing five continents. A lot of modern Olympiads have their mascots, a lot of posters have been issued. They are all possibilities for you.
Athletics is a well-known Olympic sport that includes runs, jumps and throws. A lot of competitions take place in the swimming pool where you can see swimmers, divers, who compete in dives, water ballet and poloists. Gymnastics, sport and artistic, collective sports like football, handball, volleyball, basketball and field hockey are the subject of our interest during the Olympiad. In water, you can see rowers, canoeists, yachtsmen and contestants in water slalom, we know contests in shooting and archery, and cyclists have their disciplines on roads and tracks. Matches in weightlifting, boxing, wrestling and judo have been part of Olympiads for a long time. The programme of Olympiads is changed and modernised, at present it also includes tennis, badminton and table tennis. A horse is the only animal that takes part in Olympic competitions, in riding disciplines. Riding is also included in modern pentathlon, fencing is a traditional discipline.
It would be fantastic, if you showed motions in your works, but there are also disciplines where a contestant is without a motion for a long time. A shooter aims at the target without any movement , gymnasts have endurance in their exercises where they stand like sculptures, and a weightlifter becomes stiff after lifting up the barbell. You can use these peculiarities in your works. Sports on snow are more satisfactory for graphical techniques. You can use motifs from classical skiing and ski jumping, from biathlon , alpine skiing, hockey, sledging and bob sledging, figure skating and speed skating in your works. If you admire performance of a sportsman or a sportswoman, you can write in his/her name on your exlibris and devote it to him/her. Utilise your experiences from sports broadcasts , you may like the opening or closing ceremony.
We could not mention all disciplines of the Olympic Games , but libraries are full of books on these sports events. Read them, and you will learn a lot of interesting and useful things. We are looking forward to your works and the meeting of the best in Hlohovec.
Organisational Committee of the contest
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